Here is a summary from our May 2013 classes where we reviewed 7 chakras.
FIRST CHAKRA - Root Chakra (Mooladhara or Muladhara) - helps you get grounded and balanced; influences physical security and fear. The law of karma governs the first energy center.
Location - Base of the spine, at the point where you are sitting. Imagine that path of energy extends downwards like a root through the legs and feet to contact the solid earth below,
Element - Earth
Color - Red
Benefits: Activating the root chakra also helps the vital organs of our body gives us the freedom to enjoy pure and simplicity of mind.
Mantra - LAM
Mudra – (a) Prithvi Mudra, Mudra of Earth, press tip of the ring finger to the tip of the thumb, remaining fingers are extended straight; (b) Bhu Mudra, gesture of Mother Earth. Right hand – index and middle finger to the floor, gently press them against the earth, other fingers curl into the palm of your hand with thumb folding over, left hand, palm down on top of the left knee
Asana – Kundalini yoga march, Kundalini Crow Pose, Uttanasana (Standing Forward Bend), Janu Sirsasana (Head-to-knee), mula banda (root lock)
Food: Root vegetables (carrots, potatoes, radishes, onions, garlic, etc.), protein-rich foods (eggs, meats, beans, soy products, peanut butter), spices (hot paprika, chives, cayenne, pepper).
CAUTION - Kundalini Yoga is a powerful science and I would like to pass on the warnings from Kundalini Yoga teachers I have studied under to approach your practice with intelligence and respect. If you are practicing at home, please remember not to do excessive chakra meditations. Too much flow of energy (shakti) before your body is ready to handle is extremely dangerous Please don’t forget to use common sense and do your practice in moderation. Always allow your body to rest after practice and don’t forget to drink plenty of water.
Sat Nam -- Cathi